Philippines - Direct Uses




Manito drying plant



Palinpinon drying plant



bathing and swimming





Total thermal installed capacity in MWt


Direct use in TJ/year


Direct use in GWh/year


Capacity factor



Country Update: No details on the direct-use of geothermal energy are provided in the country update paper. Only two uses are mentioned in the tables: agricultural drying at the Palinpinon drying plant of 1 MWt and 17.34 TJ/yr (reported for WGC2010 as drying coconut meat and copra), and at the Manito drying plant of 0.63 MWt and 9.59 TJ/yr. However, both of these plants were reported as closed for economic reason in the report for WGC2010. Bathing and swimming at the Laguna Hot Springs and other resorts are reported as 1.67 MWt and 12.65 TJ/yr. This gives a total for the country 3.3 MWt and 39.58 TJ/yr of direct-use applications (Fronda, et al., 2015).

Taken from: John W. Lund and Tonya L. Boyd
Published in Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2015 Worldwide Review

Total thermal installed capacity in MWt:3.3
Direct use in TJ/year39.58
Direct use in GWh/year11
Capacity factor0.38

Direct-use of geothermal energy in the country is very limited. Two agricultural drying plants using geothermal heat are located at Palinpinon and Manito. The Palinpinon project uses steam from the Southern Negros Geothermal Projects (Palinpinon I geothermal power plant) where coconut meat and copra are dried (Chua and Abito, 1994).

The main resorts using geothermal heat are at Laguna and Agco.

The various applications are:

1.63 MWt and 26.93 TJ/yr for agricultural draying (the majority at the Palinpinon plant);
1.67 MWt and 12.65 TJ/yr for bathing and swimming;

for a total of 3.3 MWt and 39.58 TJ/yr.  

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review"; published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010