Jordan - Direct Uses

 

MWt

TJ/year

bathing and swimming

           153.3

1540

 

 

Total thermal installed capacity in MWt

153.30

Direct use in TJ/year

1540.00

Direct use in GWh/year

427.81

Capacity factor

0.32

 

Country Update: The authors mention that thermal springs have been used for bathing and irrigation for many years. Recently several hotels (spas) were constructed at the thermal spring sites, for example Zarqa Ma’in spa. Generally, thermal water has various properties and differs in their temperature and curative ability. For example, thermal waters of Zara and Zarqa Ma’in springs are quite useful in treating osteon arthritis, degenerative disc and post traumatic problems. Thermal water of North Shuneh is good for cervical spondee losing while the thermal water of Afra and Burbeitta are quite good in treating degenerative disc and post traumatic problems. At present several farms producing tilapia exist in the country. For example, the Arab Fish Company farm consists of some 40 basins. It produces between 20 and 55 tonnes of tilapia per year. In winter, the temperature cannot be maintained at sufficient level to ensure the survival of the fingerlings and allow for the growth of the fish. Future plans are to use geothermal waters for greenhouse heating and refrigeration. Since no data were available the data from WGC2010 will be utilized based on estimates from 2001 (Lund and Freeston). It appears that at least six sites have installations for direct-use, mainly for bathing and swimming. These are 153.3 MWt and 1,540 TJ/yr (Saudi and Swariech, 2015).


Taken from: John W. Lund and Tonya L. Boyd
Published in Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2015 Worldwide Review


Total thermal installed capacity in MWt:153.3
Direct use in TJ/year1,540.0
Direct use in GWh/year427.8
Capacity factor0.32

Saudi and Swarieh (2005) report no further development of direct-uses of geothermal fluids since those reported in Lund and Freeston (2001). At that stage it was reported that the installed capacity was 153.3 MWt and an annual energy use of 1,540 TJ/yr for bathing and swimming at six sites, giving an overall capacity factor of 0.42. Future uses seems to be in connection with refrigerated warehouses using absorption refrigeration techniques for preserving fruits and vegetables or freezing fish and meat, and for fish farming and greenhouse heating.

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "World-Wide Direct Uses of Geothermal Energy 2005", published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2005, Antalya, Turkey, 24-29 April 2005.Lund, J. W. and D. H. Freeston, (2001). World-wide Direct Uses of Geothermal Energy 2000, Geothermics, 30(1), pp. 29-68.

A Hypertext Document by Li BellucciMarnell Dickson, and Mario Fanelli 

No paper was received from this country. Saudi and Swarich (2005) reported no new development in the country using geothermal energy for direct-use for WGC2005. Thus, our data is based on the situation described in Lund and Freeston (2001). It appears that at least six sites have installation for direct-use, mainly for bathing and swimming.

The estimated capacity and use is 153.3 MWt and annual energy use of 1,540 TJ/yr.  

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review"; published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010