Russia (Kamchatka) - Electricity Generation

There are several areas of the country with a good geothermal potential, in the European part of Russia: Central region; Northern Caucasus; Daghestan; in Siberia: Baikal rift area, Krasnoyarsk region, Chukotka, Sakhalin. Kamchatka Peninsula and the Kuril Islands, with an overall evaluation of about 2000 MWe of electricity and for more than 3000 MWe of heat for district heating system. Several combined heat and electricity projects are ongoing. The installed plants are in Kamchatka (Pauzhetskaya 14 MWe, Verkhne-Mutnovskaya 12 MWe and Mutnovskaya 50 MWe) and Kuril islands (Iturup 4 MWe and Kunashir 2 MWe) (Svalova and Povarov, 2015).

Development since WGC2010: no new units.

Installed capacity 82 MWe                     
Geothermal Electricity 440 GWh/y

Source:  Ruggero Bertani, Geothermal Power Generation in the World 2010-2014 Update Report


Installed geothermal generating capacity (December 2009) in MW

MutnovskyKamtchatka62
PauzhetskyKamtchatka14
IturupKurili islands4
KunashirKurili islands2
Total 82

No new addition has been realized since 2005. The geothermal resources of the country are located in Kamchatka and some small plants on the Kurili islands.

However, projects for construction of binary Verkhne- Mutnovsky (6.5 MW) and the second 100 MW stage of Mutnovsky are under development.

The two geothermal areas of Pauzhetsky and Mutnovsky are the main production zones of the Kamchatka peninsula, operated by SC Geoterm: the first field is the oldest in operation (since 1967), with 14 MW and a bottom binary cycle under construction; the second one is the most promising, with a steam zone on the shallow depth and a liquid reservoir (250-310°C) between 1,000 and 2,000 m depth. Its installed capacity is 62 MW, and additional 100 MW are under construction, as well as a bottom binary cycle of 6.5 MW in Verkhne-Mutnovsky.

An intensive exploitation of the huge potential of Kamchatka region is expected in the coming years.

Taken from Ruggero Bertani’s paper, " Geothermal Power Generation in the World 2005–2010 Update Report ", published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010.