China - Electricity Generation

In China the medium-low temperature geothermal direct uses are highly developed, whereas the electricity generation is still at a very early stage. Recently several institutions issued a document “Guidelines of Promoting Geothermal Energy Development and Utilization”, increasing geothermal survey and exploration with both state-owned and private enterprises. With the conclusion of the construction of Yangyi power plant, the total capacity of the country will be doubled, with all the operative units located in Tibet (Yangbajain and Yangyi) (Zheng,et al., 2015).

Development since WGC2010: 3 new units, for a total capacity of 3 MWe in Tibet.

Installed capacity 28 MWe                   
Geothermal Electricity 155 GWh/y

Source:  Ruggero Bertani, Geothermal Power Generation in the World 2010-2014 Update Report


Installed geothermal generating capacity (December 2009) in MW

Yangbajain (Tibet)    24.0

No new power plant has been added to the country geothermal capacity, which is at present only from the Yangbajain field, in Tibet.

Its exploitation (operated by Electric Power Tibet) started in 1977, and its installed capacity increased continuously up to 1991, when further investments has been halted, despite of the discovery of the high temperature deep geothermal resources below the shallow one: a 2,500 m deep well was drilled in 2004, reaching the deep reservoir. Temperatures in the 250-330°C range have been measured at 1,500-1,800 m depth.

Geothermal potential for Yangbajain is estimated at about 50-90 MW.

Taken from Ruggero Bertani’s paper, " Geothermal Power Generation in the World 2005–2010 Update Report ", published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010.