The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia - Direct Uses




individual space heating



District heating



Greenhouse heating



 geothermal heat pumps





Total thermal installed capacity in MWt


Direct use in TJ/year


Direct use in GWh/year


Capacity factor



Country Update: The utilization of thermal waters in the country consists of seven geothermal projects and six spas. In Istibanja (Vinica) 6 ha of greenhouses are heated with geothermal energy and peaked with heavy oil boilers. Funded by Austrian and Dutch grants the greenhouse produces roses for export. At Kocani (Podlog), the largest geothermal project in the country, “Geoterma”, consists of 18ha of greenhouses and space heating of public buildings in the center of town. The paper industry, vehicle parts industry and rice drying projects have been shut down. At Bansko the “Strumica” project has been shut down, however, one company is heating greenhouses, and providing heat to the hotel Car Samuil, and the rest house/rehabilitation facility for children Spiro Zakov. At Smokvica (Gevhelija) formerly the largest geothermal system in the country, now provides heat to 10 ha of greenhouse of which 6ha are glass houses, and 4 ha are plastic house. At Negorci (Gevgelija) spa, reconstruction of the heating system has been completed and now all the hotel and therapeutic facilities are heated with geothermal energy. Ground-source heat pumps are becoming more popular, with the current estimate of 200 units in operation. (Popovsak-Vasilevska and Armenski, 2015).

Taken from: John W. Lund and Tonya L. Boyd
Published in Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2015 Worldwide Review

Total thermal installed capacity in MWt:47.18
Direct use in TJ/year601.41
Direct use in GWh/year167.1
Capacity factor0.40

The use of geothermal waters in the country is from seven projects and six spas; however, there has been little change since WGC2005. All were completed before and during the 1980s.

The majority of the geothermal energy use is for district heating followed by greenhouse heating. No figures were given for spa heating, thus these numbers are estimated. Greenhouses are located in Istibanja (6 ha), Kocani (18 ha), and Smokvica (22.5 ha). In addition, space and district heating is carried out in Bansko and Kocani and spas in Katlanovo, Kezovica and Bansko. There is renewed interest in revitalizing the Strumica project at Bansko, mainly consisting of greenhouses. 
The energy use for the various applications are:

0.84 MWt and 6.60 TJ/yr for individual space heating;
42.55 MWt and 518.37 TJ/yr for district heating;
2.79 MWt and 61.14 TJ/yr for greenhouse heating;
balneology and hot water heating is recorded from WGC2005 by the same authors at 1.0 MWt and 15.3 TJ/yr.

The total for the country is 47.18 MWt and 601.41 TJ/yr

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review"; published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010