Russia - Direct Uses

 

MWt

TJ/year

individual space heating

16.5

328

District heating

93.5

1857

Greenhouse heating

160

3279

fish and cattle raising

4

63

Agricultural drying (wool washing, paper production and wood drying)

4

69

bathing and swimming

4

63

Industrial processing

25

473

 geothermal heat pumps

1.2

11.5

 

 

Total thermal installed capacity in MWt

308.20

Direct use in TJ/year

6143.50

Direct use in GWh/year

1706.66

Capacity factor

0.63

 

Country Update: Direct use of geothermal resources is mostly developed in the Kuril-Kamchatka region, Dagestan and Drasnodar Krai, mainly for district and greenhouse heating. At present, 66 thermal water and steam-and hydrothermal fields have been exploited in the country. Approximately half of the extracted resource is used for space heating, a third for greenhouse heating and about 13% for industrial processing. There are also approximately 150 health resorts and 40 factories bottling mineral water. Heat pumps are at an early stage of development in Russia. Unfortunately, no specific data on direct-use applications was provided for this report, thus the data from WGC2010 will be utilized, assuming no changes since then. These estimates are based on personal communications with Svalova, 2010, data from Kononov and Povarov, 2005 and modified by Lund (2005). (Svalova and Povarov, 2015).


Taken from: John W. Lund and Tonya L. Boyd
Published in Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2015 Worldwide Review


Total thermal installed capacity in MWt:308.2
Direct use in TJ/year6,143.5
Direct use in GWh/year1,706.7
Capacity factor0.63

Direct use of geothermal resources is mostly developed in the Kuril-Kamchatka region, Dagestan and Drasnodar Krai, mainly for district and greenhouse heating.

To date, 66 thermal water and steam-and hydrothermal fields have been exploited in Russia. Half of them are in operation providing approximately 1.5 million Gkal of heat annually (Povarov and Svalova, 2010). Approximately half of the extracted resource is used for space heating, a third for heating greenhouses, and about 13% for industrial processes. There are also approximately 150 health resorts and 40 factories bottling mineral water.

Heat pumps are at an early stage of development in Russia. An experimental facility was set up in early 1999 in the Philippovo settlement of the Yaroslavl district. Eight heat pumps are used for a 160-pupil school building. There are also some buildings using heat pumps in Moscow (Svalova, 2010).

A district heating project is being proposed for Vilyuchinsk City on Kamchatka (Nikolskiy et al., 2010).

Unfortunately, no specific data were provided on direct-use geothermal, thus it was suggested that we use the data from WGC2005 (Svalova, personal communication, 2009).

Based on data from Kononov and Povarov (2005) and modified by Lund et al. (2005), the breakdown of the various applications are:

16.5 MWt and 328 TJ/yr for individual space heating;
93.5 MWt and 1,857 TJ/yr for district heating;
160 MWt and 3,279 TJ/yr for greenhouse heating (estimated at 46.5 ha);
4 MWt and 63 TJ/yr of fish and cattle raising;
4 MWt and 69 TJ/yr for agricultural drying (wool washing, paper production and wood drying);
4 MWt and 63 TJ/yr for swimming and bathing;
25 MWt and 473 TJ/yr for industrial processes;
1.2 MWt and 11.5 TJ/yr for geothermal heat pumps – mainly in Kamchatka, consisting of 100 units.

The total for the country is then 308.2 MWt and 6,143.5 TJ/yr.

The installed capacity figures are confirmed in a paper by Butuzov et al.

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review"; published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010