Mexico - Direct Uses

 

MWt

TJ/year

individual space heating

0.46

4.397

Greenhouse heating

0.004

0.028

Agricultural drying

0.007

0.067

bathing and swimming

155.347

4166.512

 

 

Total thermal installed capacity in MWt

155.82

Direct use in TJ/year

4171.00

Direct use in GWh/year

1158.70

Capacity factor

0.85

 

Country Update: Geothermal energy in the country is almost entirely used to produce electricity. Its direct uses are still under development and currently remain restricted to bathing and swimming facilities with recreational purposes and some with therapeutic uses (reported at 20 locations). Almost all of the resorts and pools have been developed and are operated by private investors. There are some facilities operated by federal, state or municipal governments, through their tourism offices or, in some cases, through federal institutions like the National Social Security Institute. Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) has developed some direct uses of geothermal resources at the Los Azufres geothermal field, including a wood-dryer, a fruit and vegetable dehydrator, a greenhouse and a system for heating of its offices and facilities in the field. The use of geothermal heat pumps is minimal and under developed, with no information available. (Guiterrz-Negrin, et al., 2015).


Taken from: John W. Lund and Tonya L. Boyd
Published in Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2015 Worldwide Review


Total thermal installed capacity in MWt:155.82
Direct use in TJ/year4,022.8
Direct use in GWh/year1,117.5
Capacity factor0.82

Geothermal energy in the country is almost entirely used to produce electricity, since its direct uses are still under development and currently remain restricted to bathing and swimming facilities with recreational purposes and some with therapeutic uses (reported at 20 locations). Almost all of the resorts have been developed and are operated by private investors, yet there are isolated facilities operated by federal, state or municipal government. These public facilities are usually operated through tourism offices, or in some cases, through federal institutions like the national social security institute (IMSS).

Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) has developed some direct uses of geothermal resources at the Los Azufres geothermal field, including a wood-dryer, a fruit and vegetables dehydrator, a greenhouse and a system for heating of its offices and facilities in this field.

A mushroom growing facility at Los Humeros geothermal field has been closed.

The use of geothermal heat pumps is minimal, and underdeveloped with no information available. District and individual space heating is little used in Mexico due to the mild temperatures throughout the year in most of the country.

The various direct use applications include:

0.460 MWt and 4.397 TJ/yr for individual space heating; 
0.004 MWt and 0.059 TJ/yr for greenhouse heating; 
0.007 MWt and 0.101 TJ/yr for agricultural drying; 
155.347 MWt and 4,018.229 TJ/yr for bathing and swimming;

for a total of 155.818 MWt and 4,022.786 TJ/yr.

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review"; published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010