India - Direct Uses




Other (cooking)



bathing and swimming





Total thermal installed capacity in MWt


Direct use in TJ/year


Direct use in GWh/year


Capacity factor



Country Update: To date the only direct-use of geothermal energy in the country is for bathing, swimming and balneology and in a few cases as a source of energy for cooking. Since 80% of electricity generation in India is spent for space cooling, a large amount of CO2 can be saved using geothermal heat pumps. This use is currently being investigated. The increase in the annual geothermal use for balneology, bathing and swimming has gone from 2,545 TJ in 2010 to 4,152 TJ in 2014, with an installed capacity is 981 MWt. It is estimated that 5.0 MWt and 150 TJ/yr is used for cooking, which is included in the other category. Thus, the total for the country is 986 MWt and 4,302 TJ/yr. (Chandrasekharam and Chandrasekhar, 2015).

Taken from: John W. Lund and Tonya L. Boyd
Published in Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2015 Worldwide Review

Total thermal installed capacity in MWt:265
Direct use in TJ/year2,545
Direct use in GWh/year707
Capacity factor0.30

Chandrasekharem et al. (2010) discusses again the geothermal potential of the country and the current use of its resources. As of December 2009, 265 MWt are installed all for bathing and swimming with an annual use of 2,545 TJ/yr.

No other uses of geothermal direct heat are recorded, including a zero entry for GHP. Currently the building sector utilizes 33% of thermal power and the food processing industry 13%, generated by coal fired plant these activities could easily be serviced by geothermal if the environment was right for the conversion.

However there appears to be little incentive for the conversion to geothermal heat. One of the major difficulties is having trained manpower to undertake these developments.  

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review"; published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010