Croatia - Direct Uses

 

MWt

TJ/year

individual space heating

31.99

291.79

District heating

13.77

8.61

greenhouse

7.53

169.49

bathing and swimming

22.15

172.1

 geothermal heat pumps

4.5

42.5

 

 

Total thermal installed capacity in MWt

79.94

Direct use in TJ/year

684.49

Direct use in GWh/year

190.15

Capacity factor

0.27

 

Country Update: Geothermal energy in the country is mainly used in spas and recreation centers for bathing and swimming, and for space heating. There is no electricity production from geothermal energy, even though efforts are being made in this direction. There are 27 locations with direct-use development, most located in the Pannonian basin in the north eastern part of the country. Geothermal energy is also used to heat greenhouses in BoĆĄnjaci, Krapinske Toplice and Sveta Nedjelja. Geothermal use for district heating is also reported, but no details are provided. (Kolbah, et al., 2015)

Taken from: John W. Lund and Tonya L. Boyd
Published in Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2015 Worldwide Review


Total thermal installed capacity in MWt:67.48
Direct use in TJ/year468.89
Direct use in GWh/year130.3
Capacity factor0.22

Direct utilization in the country is mainly for heating swimming pools and spas along with recreational centers, as well as space heating. There are 20 spas and five geothermal fields above 100oC that are using geothermal energy. The five high temperature geothermal fields are being considered for combine heat and electrical energy production and may be started in 2010.

The estimated total direct-use is

34.78 MWt and 253.05 TJ/yr for individual space heating and
32.70 MWt and 215.84 TJ/yr for bathing and swimming,

for a total of 67.48 MWt and 468.89 TJ/yr. 

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review"; published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010