Colombia - Direct Uses




Installed capacity (esitmated)





Total thermal installed capacity in MWt


Direct use in TJ/year


Direct use in GWh/year


Capacity factor



Country Update: The main hydrothermal systems in Columbia are related to volcanoes located in the Andrean Zone; mostly along the central and western cordilleras. The update of hot springs inventory has been carried out in phases in 2003 and from 2010 to 2014. About 300 hot springs have been registered. Samples of the liquid phase were collected from chemical and stable isotopes analysis. The hot springs located in the Andean Zone are likely related to hydrothermal systems of volcanoes. Discharge temperatures of the hot springs are between 94 and 95oC with a pH of between 1.2 and 9.7. In consideration of the interest generated by the information on hot springs and other surface manifestations, a web application for public search was developed. The application includes general data on geographic and geological locations, in situ physicochemical variable measurements, images (photos and video), availability of spa infrastructure, paths, as well as chemical and isotope composition of the liquid and gas phases. The current utilization of the geothermal resources in Columbia is still limited to bathing for tourism purposes. About 40 localities in the departments of Cundinamarca, Boyaca, Norte de Santander, Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda, Tolima, Cauca, Narino, Putumayo, Magdalena and Choco, have developed pools. The installed capacity based on limited information is estimated at 18 MWt and the annual energy use of 289.88 TJ/yr (Alfaro, 2015).

Taken from: John W. Lund and Tonya L. Boyd
Published in Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2015 Worldwide Review

Total thermal installed capacity in MWt:14.4
Direct use in TJ/year287.0
Direct use in GWh/year79.7
Capacity factor0.63

 In 2000, Alfaro and her colleagues estimated an installed capacity of 13.3 MWt and an annual use of 266 TJ/yr (Lund andFreeston, 2001). They are now reporting 14.4 MWt and 287 TJ/yr, a slight increase (Alfaro et al., 2005). The reported direct-use is entirely for bathing and swimming at 41 sites. In Colombia, the geothermal resources are still under preliminary exploration and currently there are no significant utilization developments. In their paper, Alfaro et al.(2005) describe the exploration studies for the last five years, including drilling in the El Ruiz Volcano geothermal zone, and present an inventory of hot springs with their geological setting and geochemistry of the fluids.

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "World-Wide Direct Uses of Geothermal Energy 2005", published in AntalyaTurkey, 24-29 April 2005.Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2005,

A Hypertext Document by Li BellucciMarnell Dickson, and Mario Fanelli

No country update report was filed for this country as nothing has changed since the last report according to Alfaro (personal communication September, 2009). Thus, the figures from WGC2005 are (see Lund et al., 2005): 14.4 MWt and 287 TJ/yr for bathing and swimming at 41 sites. 

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review"; published in Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010