Algeria - Direct Uses




individual space heating



air conditionning



fish farming



bathing and swimming



geothermal heat pumps





Total thermal installed capacity in MWt


Direct use in TJ/year


Direct use in GWh/year


Capacity factor



Country Update: There are more than 240 thermal springs in the country. The highest temperature recorded were 68oC for the western area (Tlemcenian dolomites), 80oC for the central area (carbonate formations), and 98oC for the eastern area (the sandstone Albian reservoir in the Sahara). The main utilizations of the geothermal waters in Algeria are balneology, space heating and greenhouse heating. Recently some new projects have been established for fish farming and agriculture, where the Algerian government gives financial support of 80% for such projects. A heat pump project was installed in a primary school (Sidi Ben Saleh) at Saida in NW Algeria for heating and cooling purposes. A similar project is planned in Khenchla and a binary-cycle geothermal power plant is also planned in Guelma. Recently some Tilapia fish farming projects started in Ghardaia and Ouargla prefectures. These projects utilize hot waters of the Albian aquifer of south Algeria.

Taken from: John W. Lund and Tonya L. Boyd
Published in Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2015 Worldwide Review

Total thermal installed capacity in MWt:55.64
Direct use in TJ/year1,723.13
Direct use in GWh/year478.7
Capacity factor0.98

The most popular use of geothermal springs is for balneotherapy. These hot springs are mainly located in the northern part of the country, used by about ten public resorts.

During the last few years, a significant interest has been shown for other uses of geothermal energy. Three sites have been selected for geothermal aquaculture projects. Currently, fish farms in Ghardaia and Ouargla are using the Albian geothermal water of the Sahara to produce about 1,500 tonnes/yr of Tilapia fish. A third site at Ain Skhouna, located near Saida produced 200 tonnes of Tilapia during 2008.

A small geothermal heat pump project has also been realized in this region. The heat pump, a reverse one, is used for heating and cooling 12 classrooms, the library and the restaurant of a primary school. Hammam Sidi Aissa geothermal water (46°C) is used for this purpose. A similar project will be initiated at Khenchla (North East of Algeria).

These various applications of geothermal water are:

1.4 MWt and 45.1 TJ/yr for individual space heating;
9.8 MWt and 308 TJ/yr for fish farming;
44.27 MWt and 1,368.65 TJ/yr for bathing and swimming;
0.17 MWT and 1.38 TJ/yr for geothermal heat pumps;

For a total of 55.64 MWt and 1,723.13 TJ/yr

Taken from the paper by John W. Lund, Derek H. Freeston, and Tonya L. Boyd: "Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review";
and from the paper by Fekraoui A.: "Geothermal Activities in Algeria",
both published inProceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010