Discriminating Alteration of Pyroclastic Flow Deposits in an Active Volcano by SAR Image Analysis for Assessing the Geothermal System

Authors: Asep Saepuloh and Katsuaki Koike
Keywords: alteration, image fusion, SAR β0, Hyperion
Conference: World Geothermal Congress Session: 13. Geophysics
Year: 2010 Language: English
Geo Location:
Abstract: Field mapping activity for an active volcano mainly in the Torrid Zone is usually hampered by several problems such as steep terrain and bad atmosphere conditions. In this paper we present a simple solution for such problem by analyzing Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and optical sensor image data. By a combination of two types of satellite images, we detected the geothermal paths by identifying the alteration zone termed A-zone. The main purpose of this study is to discriminate alteration of the pyroclastic flow deposits and estimate their alteration degree by selecting Mt. Merapi in central Java, Indonesia, as a study site and targeting the eruptions during May-June 2006. To delineate the A-zone, we applied an image fusion technique using a ratio image of RADARSAT-1 SAR β0 data and an MNF transformation of Hyperion image data. The acquisition dates of these images were almost the same to reduce large different change in the image characteristics. In addition, a field survey was carried out to check the usefulness of the image fusion results. The A-zone is found to extend in the eastern flanks by 1.5 km2 which are covered mainly by the old pyroclastic flow deposits. This area can be interpreted as an ascent flow zone of hydrothermal fluids beneath the summit.
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